(待翻译)On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies Moving

分类 《物理学》
作者 爱因斯坦 翻译者 暂无 发布时间 2017-11-16
单位 关键词 浏览

(待翻译)On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies Moving

It is well known that Maxwell’s electrodynamics—as usually understood at present—when applied to moving bodies, leads to asymmetries that do not seem to be inherent in the phenomena. Take, for example, the electrodynamic interaction between a magnet and a conductor. The observable phenomenon here depends only on the relative motion of conductor and magnet, whereas the customary view draws a sharp distinction between the two cases, in which either the one or the other of the two bodies is in motion. For if the magnet is in motion and the conductor is at rest, an electric field with a definite energy value results in the vicinity of the magnet that produces a current wherever parts of the conductor are located. But if the magnet is at rest while the conductor is moving, no electric field results in the vicinity of the magnet, but rather an electromotive force in the conductor, to which no energy per se corresponds, but which, assuming an equality of relative motion in the two cases, gives rise to electric currents of the same magnitude and the same course as those produced by the electric forces in the former case.

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